An historic venue adorns modem Eskisehir’s yard. We’re speaking in regards to the quarter of Odunpazan with its slim winding streets and gaily painted, wood-frame row homes. Thought to be selection examples of conventional Turkish structure, these homes had been reclaimed for tourism within the Odunpazari Homes Preservation Undertaking launched in 2005 by the native municipality. Like these at Beypazari, Safranbolu and Sirince in different elements of Turkey, the historic homes at Odunpazan are concerned now within the branding course of. And should you enterprise exterior these three metropolis facilities into the valleys and steppes, you’ll encounter splendid Phrygian monuments at nearly each kilometer. Relationship again to the 12th century B.C., this civilization exhibited a mastery forward of its time in structure, carving, pottery and metallic working.
And Midas, who signed the primary political alliance at Gordion, was the Phrygians’ most well-known king. This tradition, which inhabited dwellings lower into the rocks, left behind extraordinary and refined monuments within the valleys of Yazilikaya, Yapikdak, Kumbet, Asmainler, Zahran, Porsuk, Ayazini and Goynus. To see all this and extra, it is advisable take a tour to the Phrygian Valley. If the traveler inside you is eager on an thrilling journey of discovery, now’s the time.
The most effective issues about Anatolia is the juxtaposition of conventional values with on a regular basis life in full concord. After ending their routine chores, homemakers go to one another’s homes to go to. Served with the normal tea or ayran (buttermilk), savory pastries reminiscent of ‘agziagik’ and lentil- stuffed ‘bukme’ are carried amidst peals of glee by the youngsters of the home to the native bakery, the place they’re baked within the oven.
Colourful candies, Turkish Delight, sweets and walnut ‘sucuk’… Sweet shops stay half and parcel of life within the cities of the Phrygian Valley. And the opium poppies utilized in some candies instantly pop to thoughts on the point out of a kind of cities, Afyonkarahisar. Utilized in a spread of merchandise from breads and pastries to prescribed drugs, the opium poppy continues to be produced below state supervision.
One of many sages who contributed to the cultural ferment of those lands, Yunus Emre springs to thoughts on the point out of Eskisehir. And Worldwide Yunus Emre Tradition Week is held yearly within the metropolis.
Artwork and custom make their presence felt within the cities alongside the border of the Phrygian Valley. The tiles made by the late Sitki Olgar, one of many world’s main tile producers, present clues to Anatolia’s previous. And ranging from the 13th century, the grandsons of Mevlana Jalalladdin Rumi in Afyonkarahisar and Kutahya ensured the propagation of a brand new philosophy that might enlighten mankind.
Occupying a particular place among the many handicrafts of Kutahya and Turkey on the whole, the artwork of the tile has achieved a world popularity. Chicken, fish, flower, plant and human motifs are usually used on the tiles, that are primarily in shades of darkish and light-weight blue, white and Bordeaux. (Funili Cami (the Tiled Mosque) on the metropolis middle and the outlets that line the principle road are proof of the significance given to tile making on this area.
THE CONQUEST OF ISTANBUL THROUGH THE EYES OF ZONARO
IF SULTAN ABDULHAMID HADN’T GIVEN THE ORDER, OUR ONLY PICTURE OF MEHMET THE CONQUEROR WOULD BE GENTILE BELLINI’S PORTRAIT. Chief Palace Painter Fauso Zonaro labored for months on the behest of Abdulhamid to depict Mehmed IIs conquest of Istanbul from the reducing of the galleons into the Golden Horn to the commander’s victorious entry into the Byzantine capital.
The 34th of the Ottoman sultans and as a caliph of Islam, Abdulhamid succeeded in protecting the Ottoman Empire on its ft for 33 years from 1876 to 1908.
He could be revered and appreciated not just for the profitable reconstruction tasks on which he embarked upon his accession to the throne, but in addition for the cultural actions that he patronized. The massive visible archive referred to as ‘The Yildiz Pictures of the Reign of Sultan Abdulhamid is likely one of the world’s oldest recognized and most essential collections. Abdulhamid, who took a eager curiosity within the artwork of portray, appointed Che Italian Orientalist painter Fausto Zonaro his ‘Palace Painter’.
ORIENTALIST PAINTER FAUSTO ZONARO
Born in 1854 to an especially poor household in a small village in Italy’s Veneto area, Zonaro nonetheless had a really colourful and thrilling life. His artwork reached its zenith in Istanbul, the place he got here first as a traveler, when he was appointed the Ottoman Palace Painter by Sultan Abdulhamid II early in 1896.
Zonaro’s acquaintance with Munir Pasha, the Minister of Protocol of Yildiz Palace, could be an essential turning level in his life. Following that assembly, he met Osman Hamdi Bey, who made certain that his work have been seen and appreciated by Abdulhamid. And in 1896 he was honored with the title and place of Chief Palace Painter.
HALIL IBRAHIM FEAST
A stroll by the outdated quarters on the alternative financial institution of the Asi is likely one of the finest methods to get a really feel for town. For preserved right here within the stone-paved courtyards that be part of the slender lanes are the best examples of the outdated Antakya homes: Antakya Home, the mansions of Fuad Kuseyri and of the Yahyaogullari, Halepogullari and different households. These two- and three-story homes, the oldest of which is 200 years outdated, have been constructed going through the mountains, whereas their stone-paved courtyards boast swimming pools and gardens.
The decision of the muezzin mingles with the peal of church bells as youngsters play marbles within the slender cobblestone streets. A metropolis continuously talked about within the Bible, Antakya has a excessive potential for religion tourism. And the Church of St. Peter is a vital place of pilgrimage for Christians on this metropolis which is house to the primary church after the one at Jerusalem. Our prolonged stroll by these streets steeped in historical past is sufficient to whet our appetites.
Our vacation spot this time is Harbiye, 10 kilometers outdoors town and a resort space going again to Roman occasions, the place hidden waterfalls rush down right into a deep, wooded valley. Providing the complete vary of Antakya delicacies, the eating places at Harbiye are true palate pleasers. And olive oil cleaning soap, and the silk scarves and hope chests produced within the neighboring villages are offered in retailers on the street to the falls. Refreshing to physique and spirit with its pure air and excellent delicacies, Harbiye is nice for a day’s outing, and we’re mighty glad we got here right here.
BIG MOMMAS: LIKE FATHER LIKE SON
Forged: Martin Lawrence, Brandon T. Jackson, Jessica Lucas, Michelle Ang, Portia Doubleday
Director: John Whitesell
Turner is joined by Trent, as they go undercover at an all-girls performing arts college after Trent witnesses a homicide. Posing as Massive Momma and as hefty coed Charmaine, they have to discover the assassin earlier than he finds them.
SCOOBYDOO: THE CURSE OF LAKE MONSTER
Forged: Robbie Amell, Hayley Kiyoko, Kate Melton, Nick Palatas, Frank Welker, Ted McGinley
Director: Brian Levant
Off to a resort with summer season jobs, the gang stumbles onto a thriller when the Frog Monster of Lake Erie makes an surprising look, scaring away all of the visitors.
Forged: Colin O’Donoghue, Anthony Hopkins, Ciaran Hinds, Alice Braga, Toby Jones
Director: Mikael Hafstrom
Michael Kovak, reluctantly attends exorcism college on the Vatican. Whereas he’s in Rome, he meets an unorthodox priest who introduces him to the darker facet of his religion.
Forged: Johnny Depp, Angelina Jolie, Paul Bettany, Timothy Dalton, Steven Berkoff
Director: Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck
Throughout an impromptu journey to Europe to fix a damaged coronary heart, Frank unexpectedly finds himself in a flirtatious encounter with Elise, a rare girl who intentionally crosses his path..
Forged: Jack Black, Jason Segel, Emily Blunt, Amanda Peet, Billy Connolly
Director: Rob Letterman
Lemuel Gulliver is a lowly mailroom clerk. After he bluffs his manner into an project writing concerning the Bermuda Triangle, he goes there solely to be transported to an undiscovered land, Lilliput.
Forged: Anna Faris, Tom Cavanagh, T.J. Miller, Andrew Daly, Nathan Corddry
Director: Eric Brevig
Jellystone Park has been dropping enterprise, so grasping Mayor Brown decides to close it down and promote the land. Meaning Yogi and Boo Boo might be tossed out of the one house they’ve ever recognized.
Forged: Matt Damon, Cecile De France, Bryce Dallas Howard, Lisa Griffiths, Cyndi Mayo Davis
Director: Clint Eastwood
EMERGENT GAMING TRENDS INCREASINGLY CONNECT VIRTUAL IN-GAME SPACE WITH “ORDINARY” OR GEOPHYSICAL LIFE SPACE.
The inclusion of actual world interplay inside sport play is imminent. For instance, the builders of World of Warcraft (WoW) are at the moment investigating methods to synchronize WoW’s public sale home with actual world foreign money.
Sport worlds appear to be extra inclined to associate with parts in life house versus the reverse. That being stated, the unlucky actuality of gamification has began to take form in each realms.
There’s, nonetheless, an alternative choice to this diluted perspective. Sport designer and professor Ian Bogost notes: “Critical video games have given their advocates a strategy to body using video games in governmental and industrial contexts by making the declare that video games can deal with consequential subjects and supply profound outcomes. ” These can vary from easy video games to extra complicated methods. As an illustration, Third Faction offered “DPS” (Demand Participant Sovereignty), a undertaking selling social activism, at ISEA 2011 in Istanbul. That is a method artists have begun merging actual world politics with gamespace in a non-trivial means.
The way forward for gaming is morphing. Artists and educators are performing as a catalyst for this alteration. The consequence can be a merging of each the digital and the geophysical world. As an alternative of integrating video games into actuality, as with gamification, actuality can be built-in into video games.
There’s loads of buzz proper now over Gamification. Companies are leaping on the Gamification bandwagon to push earnings up. There’s a robust drive in academia to gamify training. On the one hand now we have Critical Video games and Video games for Change; on the opposite, now we have foursquare America^ Military and Badgeville, all vying for our consideration, all making an attempt to up the ante. Gamification is the current of gaming. So what of the longer term?
The long run is stuffed with depth, pleasure and stress! Each side of life is so deeply infused with sport mechanics that separating sport and life is an impossibility. Desperately, folks start trying to find a strategy to escape into a spot the place they received be weighted, measured or scored, a spot the place quest-lines all come to an finish. Banal is the brand new fantasy world of video games.
When life is a sport, escapism turns into the best life. A number of indie sport titles at the moment indulge this impulse. Passage, Dinner Date and Metro Guidelines of Conduct are all indicators of issues to return. As this new style of video games begins to rise in reputation, entrepreneurs and lecturers will start on the lookout for methods to introduce life-like parts into life. For higher or worse, future colleges, companies and altruistic nonprofits will all attempt to lure us away from the leveling rat race with “Lifeification”. The way forward for gaming is just not the Gamification, however moderately the Lifeification, of life.
If, while buying, you couldn’t cease fascinated by having some scrumptious meatballs, then look no additional; head straight to Filibe. You’ll discover delicacies like grilled rooster and meat varieties, baked rice pudding and cheese pudding in addition to well-known Plovdiv meatballs at this restaurant open between 7am and 5pm. A meatball sandwich is 5 TL and a portion is eight TL. They stress that they don’t settle for bank cards.
Tel: 0212 522 9721
It has been serving clients on Uzungarsi Avenue since 1960. The scent of meatballs will seduce even the fullest of individuals. The restaurant whose portfolio consists of regulars together with celebrities and journalists, gives a portion of meatballs for six.50 TL, whereas its semolina halva will depart you begging for extra. Think about your self fortunate for those who discover any at lunch although, because the dessert is served from 7am together with soup.
Tel: 0212 52013 25
One assembly level for kebab lovers is Lezzet-i sark restaurant the place you’ll discover all forms of kebabs, from Urfa to Adana, lamb- stuffed kibbeh, a wide range of soups and naturally, angel’s hair dessert. Costs vary from 10 TL to 20 TL.
Tel: 0212 514 27 63
For those who set off earlier than breakfast, cease by at Ash Borek. Order a breakfast platter and get scrumptious su boregi (layered pastry). Pastries are 5 TL, breakfast 9 TL and manti eight TL.
Tel: 0212 527 54 80
Tahtakale Et Lokantasi
Soups, meatballs, wraps and kebab varieties await you within the restaurant open between 10am and 9pm daily. Costs fluctuate from 2.50 TL to 10 TL.
Tel: 0212 512 52 92
Take a lunch break right here for those who lengthy for conventional Turkish house cooking like eggplant ragout, bean stew or soup. Costs are low; specialties from the every day menu value from 2.50 TL to six TL.
Tel: 0212 526 26 86
Murat Karadeniz Pidecisi
For those who like pide you need to do this place which has been serving Tahtakale’s craftsmen for 20 years. Attempt its pide with tahini. The restaurant, well-known for its Konya-style pide, serves minced meat and combined pides for five TL.
Tel: 0212 522 49 08
Milan, which hosts the ‘Salone Internazionale del Cellular’, the world’s largest furnishings and design honest in spring and the world’s two most prestigious style weeks in the course of the winter, is a style and design paradise. Regardless of having change into a cliché, the ‘Quadrilatero Della Moda’ (Quadrilateral of Vogue), consisting of Through Della Spiga, Through Montenapoleone, Through Santo Spirito and Through Sant’Andrea is one in every of Milan’s most important routes.
Sivas Nuri Demirag Airport is 25 kilometers to the town heart and it’s positioned on the northwest of the town. With its measurement of three thousand 811 meters to 45 meters, the 01/19 runway of the airport is our nation’s second longest runway after Sanliurfa Airport. Put to service in 2010, the brand new terminal constructing has a capability of three million passengers yearly.
With its unique architectural design, it’s a trendy 22 thousand sq. meters large facility. Located on an space of 1 thousand and 550 sq. meters, the powerhouse serves a warmth and energy station. Air site visitors is managed protected and effectively, whereas floor companies similar to illustration, passenger site visitors, ramp, plane line upkeep, flight operations, transportation, surveillance and supervision, catering and plane non-public safety are as nicely provided within the airport.
The aim of turning it into an plane area. The extent area was constructed as large as one thousand meters to at least one thousand and 300 meters. An instance of this was in Amsterdam, the place Europe’s most modem airport was positioned in on the time. Turkish Aeronautical Affiliation positioned orders for 10 coaching plane and 65 gliders in years 1937 and 1938. The primary native Turkish plane made in Istanbul factories flied to Divrigi -Nuri Demirag’s birthplace- in August 1941.
Believing that such shows that additionally give pleasure to the general public are advantageous, Nuri Demirag wished to offer individuals religion and present them that we will fly with our personal plane by flying a fleet of 12 plane in September on a route that included Bursa, Kutahya, Eskisehir, Ankara, Konya, Adana, Elazig and Malatya cities…
Nu. D. 38 kind passenger plane is completely made by Turkish engineers and employees. The six-passenger capability plane has double flight controller, whereas it is ready to fly 325 kilometers per hour and proceed for one thousand kilometers.
CAPITAL OF THE WORLD’S RICHEST COUNTRY
Within the shade of this fly of the Arabian world and the capital metropolis of Qatar that’s on the higher finish of the Arabian Peninsula, Doha homes greater than half of Qatar’s inhabitants,
The identify of the town means ‘the large tree’ in Arabian language, which was an insignificant city till the mid of 19th century after which turned the capital metropolis underneath the identify Al-Bida.
Broken critically as a result of battle Bahrain in 1825, the town was dominated by the Ottoman between adjustments the cities cultural options.
With the reformation of Doha Gulf and fast financial improvement, the town made nice progress concerning worldwide banking, sports activities and tourism actions. Sweeping across the Doha Gulf, Al-Corniche is the attraction heart of the town. By strolling or by automotive, you’ll be able to benefit from the magnificent view and observe the grandeur excessive towers within the metropolis.
You went to Armenia just lately as a jury member of the Yerevan Kids’s Movies Competition, how did it go out of your perspective?
It’s a global pageant, held for the seventh time. Movies for youngsters compete on this pageant. Great movies have been displayed. It had been an amazing expertise for me. I watched excellent movies and met with individuals from the world who’re educated about this topic. I’m going to say “I want we had one”, but it surely appears a bit of distant as we now have no administrators who do or wish to movie motion pictures for youngsters or producers who care about this matter but. Sadly, we don’t connect satisfactory care to kids’s literature both and we come from behind in each discipline. I hope sooner or later we can have such festivals in our nation. And respect kids’s areas extra.
A metropolis located on the level the place Central Anatolia and Jap Anatolia meet; precisely on the middle of Anatolia referred to as the ‘Bridge of Tribes’… That’s the reason this area was a commerce and tradition middle for hundreds of years. The title ‘Sivas’ is derived from ‘Sebastia’ that was utilized in historic intervals. ‘Sebastia’ means ‘respectable, honorable’ in Greek language. Though there isn’t a precise details about the primary founders of Sivas. The which means of ‘Sebastia’ signifies that this metropolis was however by Pontus Empire and devoted in honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus.
In line with the tales instructed by locals, earlier than Sivas was constructed, there have been three springs flowing below the good timber. These springs have been referred to as Sipas Waters. In time, a settlement was established round these three sacred springs and Sipas turned Sivas. Tales additionally say that the title ’Sivas’ was derived from an historic tribe Sipasibs or from the phrase ‘Sebast’ which means ‘three watermills’ in Persian language.
Having a component in all three areas of Central Anatolia, Black Sea and East Anatolia, Sivas turned a big middle through the Seljuk interval and was often visited by the retailers as a result of it was located at Mesopotamia, the place caravans handed by. Sivas is the second largest in Turkey, Konya being the primary that hosts a lot of the Seljuk monuments; thus, it’s attainable to watch similarities between these two cities. Sivas is the second largest metropolis in Turkey about its floor space. It has a extreme local weather with uncommon inexperienced areas; therefore, cultivated merchandise embody cereal corps, sugar beet, potato and so on.
It’s recognized that the Roman drugs is originated from the agriculture and the farmers had been utilizing the mixtures of crops and treatments. The 2 most essential witnesses of this era are the Roman statesman, the orator and the primary grasp of prose in Latin Marcus Porcius Cato (BC 234-149). The distinctive textual content remaining from Cato is the booklet in regards to the agriculture.
Apart from his experiences of agriculture in his work, Cato witnesses additionally the connection between agriculture and drugs. Whereas the Roman folks attribute extraordinary forces to the wool, Cato advises to eat cabbage in abundance to be protected towards diseases and even he proposes to drink the urine of one who ate cabbage.
The chapter “De Medicina” (About Drugs) thought-about among the many biggest medical classics of an important medical writer of the Roman interval Aulos Cornelius Celsius, has been discovered by the Pope Nicolaus (1397 – 1455) within the Center Age and has been one of many first medical books printed after the invention of the printing machine (14 78). Celsius having the titles of “Cicero of the Medical doctors” and “Hippocrates of the Roman folks” offers essential details about the hygiene in his work and defines the cosmetic surgery operations.
Chinese language drugs
The Chinese language drugs associated with Taoism has been centered on the prevention of illnesses. Because the legendary Huang It who’s the daddy of the Chinese language drugs noticed, “A proficient physician helps the affected person earlier than the signs of the illness. The classical Chinese language drugs is principally based mostly on the works attributed to the three legendary emperors. In accordance with the legend, the primary considered one of these emperors is Fu Hsi who was born as a sacred creature within the form of a snake originally of B.C. 3000. In some illustrations, Fu Hsi is described as a head rising behind a mountain and ornamented with a wreath of leaves.
Grasp of the docs Ibn-i Sina
Ebu’l-Ali el Huseyin b. Abdullah Ibn-i Sina born in Hormisen in A.D. 980 close to Bukhara and often called “the grasp and the monarch of the docs” has reigned over the Japanese and the Western drugs for 600 years. The maturation, the progress and the emergence of this little large who began to the first faculty when he was 5-6 years previous are unbelievable. After having learnt logic, arithmetic and astronomy, he begins to cope with the drugs. Particularly, he research the causes of the emergence and the spreading of the illnesses and the strategies of remedy.
Ibn-i Sina who finishes his spiritual training on the age of 10, finds the treatment for the sickness of “angina” which couldn’t be cured till that point. He’s awarded by being nominated to the course of the palace library named “Sivan al-hikma” belonging to Samanogullari. Ibn-i Sina concerned within the books of the library and who’s 20 years previous when Nuh bin Mansur dies, goes to Harzem. The true inventor of the cybernetic and the automation El-Biruni accepts he they usually work collectively; however this truth offers rise to the jealousy and a few investigations are made about him: after these occasions, he lives Harzem and travels to the opposite locations. He decides to remain in Hanedan, which is his final cease, and he spends his life right here; he dies in 1037. His biggest work is shortly “The Regulation”. This manuscript translated to all Western languages is a chunk of artwork with the calligraphy, the adorning and the anatomic miniatures.
The Ottoman drugs
One of the crucial essential docs of the Ottoman interval is the physician and poet Nidai who had lived within the second half of the 16. Century; he’s one of many 5 youngsters of a household who had migrated from Jerusalem to Ankara. Nidai turns into one of many non-public docs of Sehzade (son of a Sultan) Selim in the course of the years of 1558-1562 and writes the illustrated medical manuscript in Turkish referred to as “ed-Dihru Manzum” whereas working towards his career within the asylums.
After the ascendance of Sehzade Selim to the throne, he turns into one of many docs of the palace and he dies on a date which couldn’t have been decided thus far. Nidai has seven works, most of them associated to the drugs.
(ANPU AND BATA)
As soon as there have been two brethren, of 1 mom and one father; Anpu was the identify of the elder, and Bata was the identify of the youthful. Now, as for Anpu he had a home, and he had a spouse. However his little brother was to him because it had been a son; he it was who made for him his garments; he it was who adopted behind his oxen to the fields; he it was who did the plowing; he it was who harvested the corn; he it was who did for him all of the issues that had been within the discipline. Behold, his youthful brother grew to be a superb employee, there was not his equal in the entire land; behold, the spirit of a god was in him.
Now after this the youthful brother adopted his oxen in his day by day, method; and each night he turned once more to the home, laden with all of the herbs of the sector, with milk and with wooden, and with all issues of the sector. And he put them down earlier than his elder brother, who was sitting along with his spouse; and he drank and ate, and he lay down in his secure with the cattle. And on the daybreak of day he took bread which he had baked, and laid it earlier than his elder brother; and he took with him his bread to the sector, and he drave his cattle to pasture within the fields. And as he walked behind his cattle, they mentioned to him, “Good is the herbage which is in that place”; and he listened to all that they mentioned, and he took them to the great place which they desired. And the cattle which had been earlier than him grew to become exceeding glorious, they usually multiplied tremendously.
Now on the time of plowing his elder brother mentioned unto him: “Allow us to make prepared for ourselves a goodly yoke of oxen for plowing, for the land has come out from the water: it’s match for plowing. Furthermore, do thou come to the sector with corn, for we’ll start the plowing within the morrow morning.” Thus mentioned he to him; and his youthful brother did all issues as his elder brother had spoken unto him to do them.
And when the morn was come, they went to the fields with their issues; and their hearts had been happy exceedingly with their activity at first of their work. And it got here to move after this that as they had been within the discipline they stopped for corn, and he despatched his youthful brother, saying, “Haste thou, convey to us corn from the farm.” And the youthful brother discovered the spouse of his elder brother, as she was sitting tying her hair. He mentioned to her: “Stand up, and provides to me corn, that I’ll run to the sector, for my elder brother hastened me; don’t delay.” She mentioned to him: “Go, open the bin, and thou shalt take to thyself based on thy will, that I’ll not drop my locks of hair whereas I gown them.”
RELATIONS WITH UPPER CLASS…
These bankers, especially Avram Kamondo, was financing the defense expenses of the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War between the years 1853 and 1856. Avram Kamondo had very close relations with all the grand viziers of the period, and even his intimate friendship with Mustafa Resit Pasha was not a secret to anyone. He also served as the financial consultant of Mustafa Resit Pasha. He was awarded the title “Count” as to be assigned to his son after his death in 1867 by the Kingdom of Italy as a result of his close relations with King Vittorio Emmanuelle II of Italy and the contributions he had wade. “The first person with foreign-nationality who achieved the permission to buy real estate in the Ottoman State” is Avram Kamondo.
In addition to his financial businesses. Kamondo had al¬so developed a lot of projects about his congregation. The Jewish community during 1830’s was so illiterate and ignorant that “any Jewish person who learned a different language was to be deemed he changed his religion”. Avram Kamondo took the leadership and management of the congregation. He was aware of the modern education in Europe as he very frequently visited there. He anticipated a modern elementary school where Turkish, French and Hebrew would be taught. The school which was established in Haskoy, Piripa§a started schooling in 1854.
However, it was not welcomed by some reactionary rabbis and fanatic congregation, so he decided to withdraw among the cries “we are loosing our religion!” Upon death of his only son in 1866, Avram Kamondo decided to move to Paris with his grandchildren in 1872. He passed away in his manor in Paris the next year. He willed to be buried in Istanbul and therefore Avram Kamondo’s body was brought to Istanbul with the help of the Ottoman State. He was buried in the mausoleum he had built beforehand. He was so much loved by Istanbul people that on the day his body was brought to Istanbul, all the personnel in the stock exchange and finance institutions ceased their work while Jewish people were in mourning. The tradesmen in Galata. and Golden Horn also closed their shops.
After Avram Kamondo’s settlement in Paris, on the ot¬her hand, his bank in Istanbul shrunk its businesses. It was closed in 1910’s. Family members carried on living in Paris and contribute to works of art. The great wealth of the family disappeared with the break of World War II and all the members of the family were sent to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Kamondo’s, who were one of the richest families in the world once, shook deeply with the death of Avram Kamondo and ended up in a tragically in a concentration camp…
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On 28 August 1553, the Sultan started from Istanbul for a new military expedition to Iran. This was his twelfth mili-taiyexpedition. He was quite an aged man, 59 years old. The Sultan arrived in Erzurum via Konya and Diyarbakir and from there he advanced in Kars direction. Sending an insulting letter to the Shah as his father Sultan Selim, had Previously done, challenged him to a fight. But none of these treats yielded a result, the Iranian army once again did not appear on the scene. The Turkish army proceeded in the directions of Karabag and Nahcivan areas. Although the Sultan’s army reached as far as Nahcivan, Shah Tahmasp and his army where always freeing away. Under these conditions, the army was set free to enter and completely destroy the city. The Sultan believed that doing that much damage was good enough and decided to return.
When the army reached Erzurum on its way back, the Sultan received an appeal from the Shah for an armistice. It was accepted on condition that peace was realized and the enmity between the two countries was terminated. The Sultan’s plans were to spend the winter of 1554-1555 in Amasya and to continue the operations against Iran in the spring. Shah’s envoy arrived in Amasya with new proposals, precious gifts and a letter to the Sultan. A Peace treaty, was made when Shah gave a word of assurance for friendship (1555). According to these treaty Azerbaijan and its capital Tebriz, the eastern part of Anatolia and the Arabian Iraq were being annexed to the Ottoman State.
This first treaty concluded with Iran was in effect until the year 1576. Through the peace of Amasya, the fights of the Ottomans and Iran which stretched over half a century came to an end. During the military expeditions of the Magnificent, no Iranian army had the courage to get involved in a decisive battle with the Ottoman armies. Therefore, the military expeditions were no more than invasions. The Iranians however, after the withdrawal of the Ottoman army continued their attacks to the Eastern Anatolia. The Ottoman State during this war,secured contact with the Turkish States in the Central Asia forming an alliance with them and extending assistance.
Sultan Abdulmecit moved his court from Topkapi Palace to Dolmabahce Palace in 1855.
The palace that was built in showy style called Sekerci Style, is built by the Armenian Balyan family.
It forms a complex with Dolmabahqe Mosque and the Clock Tower. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey, died in this palace in 1938. The interior decoration of the palace is in harmony with the complexity of the exterior surface which extends as far as 500 meters parallel to the sea.
(Open between 9 AM -4 PM everyday except Monday and tbursday, Dolmabahce Caddesi (Dolmabahce).
Dolmabahce Palace, constructed in 1855, after Topkapi Palace, is an imposing building on the sea shore.
Aynali Kavak Kasri
Aynali Kavak Kasi, located at the shore of Bosphorus, is a palace decorated with Venetian mirrors. The palace that was built in the 18^ century by the order of Sultan Selim UI and rebuilt in 1830, hosts the cultural activities today. Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM every day except Monday and Thursday, Kasimpasa Haskoy Yolu (Kasimpasa).
Next to Anadolu Hisan, right at the shore is Kuquksu Kasn with its pretty fountain, from the 19th century.
Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM everyday except Monday and Thursday, Anadolu Hisan
Beylerbeyi Kasi that is located on the Asian side, to the north of the Bosphorus Bridge was a pavilion where the empires and sultans hosted their guests. Its construction was completed in 1865.
Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM Every day except Monday and Thursday, Beylerbeyi.
Bab-i Ali and Alay Kosku
Bab-i Ali used to have the same impression between r843-i922, what Kremlin has today for the European politicians. Alay Kosku, with its wavy roof and two fountains is across the building that was once the administrative centre of Ottoman Empire.
Alemdar Caddesi (Sultanahmet).
Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM everyday except Monday and Thursday,
As the best palace in terms of condition remained from Byzantium,
Tekfur Sarayi, with its three-floor decorative exterior surface, is dates to the late 13th century with a great possibility.
It was built between the front and main walls of Theodosian Walls.
Open between 9 AM – 12.30 PM and 1.30 PM-5 PM everyday except Monday,
Hoca Sakir/Sishane Caddesi (Ayvansaray).
Sait Halim Pasha Chalet
Sait Halim Pasa Chalet, which is placed in Yenikoy, is now back to the life after the restoration works that lasted for years. The chalet, which was built as a sea palace by Petraki Adamandidis from Canakkale in the first years of 19th century, is placed in a garden that has a pier and also a gate to Bosphorus. It is also named a “chalet with lions” because of the two lion sculptures that are in the front of the garden called “selamlik”.
Rooms lined up around the middle sofa constitute the main plan of the chalet, rising on the marble basement as two levels. South part and north parts of the chalet are separated for men and women only. The entrance to the both parts is through the glassed-in sections. In spite of the plain exterior of the chalet the interior walls and ceilings are decorated by Arabic influenced ornaments.
He was born in Vardar of Yenice. His real name is Mansur. Being from the cadi class he was a scholar, a historian and a poet. He died in Istanbul in 985/1577. According to Tahir Bey of Bursa Agehi left a complete divan. Agehi took part in Suleyman the Lawgiver’s last campaign Zigetvar in 974/1566 and wrote a historical record of this event as well. He wrote a commemarotive poem of more than fifteen couplets with conventional mariner’s language and offered it to the Sultan through Piyale Pasha. According to records he was given the Sheref Thelogical School in Istanbul. Since he was in Gelibolu as a teacher in close contact with Piyale Pasha who was a master seaman of those times, it is only natural that he wrote about the sea and knew the conventional terminology of the seaman pretty well.
In our literature we have had the tradition of writing with terminologies of various subjects and occupations. Some of these occupations and subjects are astronomy, music, books, medicine and logic. We do have poems written by Agehi written during this period with mariner phraseology which were an influence in literary circles. Although there were poets like Yetimi who wrote poems in the field before Agehi did his was the well known and studied of the two works. His poems seem to be the ones considered to be more worthwile to study and teach by people like Deruni, Taflicah Yahya Bey, Aski (Işki), Gubari, Za’fi and Molla Mehmed.
Writting with mariner terminology and using words of this phraseology in stating metaphase and allegories in prose and poetry both was quite common among writers and poets of Suleyman the Lawgiver period. We could attribute this fact to the greatness, the popularity and to the grandness of the Ottoman navy during these times. The fact that sailors of the empire reached all the way to India in Suleyman’s reign made the prospects of the occupation look more prestigions, glorious and rewarding than were before.
Glorifying of the same subject was common among literary people during the following centuries as well. We have poems by Zari (died 1098/1686), Refeti (died 1118/1706) and Bursali Feyzi (died 1185/1771-1772) written in mariner language.
In the Ottoman State, wedding ceremonies were held for the sultans and padishahs, and circumcision feasts were organized for the sons of the padishahs. Especially the circumcisions were given high importance. The celebrations lasted for at least three days and nights, or sometimes for a couple of weeks. For Instance In 1582, the circumcision of Shahzadah Mehmet (Mehmet III), son of Sultan Murat III, was celebrated for 50 days. During the nighttime, celebrations continued with candle light and torchlight illuminations and fireworks. In addition to the palace residents, ordinary people -without any discrimination whatsoever- would attend these festivities. Artists and entertainers throughout the Empire were performing in festivities and ceremonies. Many artists and craftsmen, from different branches of arts -like poetry, architecture, decoration and embroidery, three-dimensional portraying, illumination, music, dance, pantomime-, were brought together to stage or exhibit their works. While circus, military and sports shows were performed, parades were held.
Most Important Object of the Wedding: Nahil
Nahil is a tree-shaped accessory made of wax. It is ornamented with nutshells, precious stones, golden and silver leaves, silk handkerchiefs, candles, colorful and gilded papers. Some nahils were designed in gigantic sizes. There were nahils as high as 24m, which were taken around the entire city, in case a problem would arise, while the nahil was being walked around the city, instead of looking for an alternative roule, the guards would demolish the building hindering the nahil from passing. Nahils were thinning towards the top, more or less like pyramids.
Usually, the bottom perimeter would be around 5-6m. Its shape was symbolizing the manly power of the groom, while the ornamentations were signifying the abundance of the bride’s fertility. In 1524 the two nahils decorated for the wedding ceremony of Makbul Ibrahim Pasha, were comprised of 60.000 and 40.000 pieces.
Hurrem Sultan’s wedding
In the writings about Hiirrem Sultan’s (a.k.a. Roxelana) wedding, found by the English Consul Sir George Young, it was recorded: “In Istanbul, something extraordinary took place, something which has never happened in the history of the Ottoman dynasty. Padishah Sultan Suleiman married his concubine Roxelana, of Russian origin, who became the empress. Great festivities took place in the city. The indescribable wedding ceremony, which was held in the palace and the dazzling entertainments were beyond imagination. A wedding parade was organized. All the streets were illuminated at night. Performers played instruments. Many entertainers took stage. The residents were decorated with lights. On almost every corner there were swings for the public to have fun. A large platform was constructed on the Sultanahmet Square. A gilded fence was built around the platform, which was reserved for the new empress and the women of the palace. Here a great competition was held. Hiirrem Sultan and the other palace residents came to watch it. The competition was attended by Muslim and Christian knights. Acrobats, rope dancers, jugglers, many ferocious animals, long-necked sky-high giraffes performed many shows.”
Fatma Sultan, daughter of Ahmet III
Another well-known wedding was organized for the daughter of Ahmet III, the famous sultan of the Tulip Period (1718-1730). Ahmet III was very meticulous about the upbringing of his beloved daughter, who was born in 1704. When she was only five Ahmet III sent a message to Silahtar Ali Pasha, one of the popular pashas of the time. He ordered the pasha to send his gifts for the engagement ceremony. Considering that Ali Pasha was one of the richest persons of his time, the engagement presents were talked about by the entire city. The countless presents were the top subject of the gossipers. Ali Pasha sent presents not only to his bride-to-be, but to his father, the Sultan, her mother, the other palace residents and to her nannies. The list of the presents exceeded 30 pages. Among them were horses, jewelry, belts, valuable books, prayer- rugs prayer beads made of precious stones and pelts.
Ummugulsum Sultan gets engaged
Inspired by the engagement he organized for his first daughter Ahmet III made endless charities. He became so exuberant with his achievement that he ordered Vizier Abdurrahman Pasha to engage his second daughter, who was a baby in her cradle at the time. After the celebrations for 25 days, Fatma Sultan’s bride parade was held. This parade was richer and more glittering that the procession carrying the bride’s trousseau. That day, all the viziers, scholars and state officials came to Topkapi Palace and waited for the procession. Finally, Fatma Sultan left the palace in a silver carriage, accompanied by 31 other carriages full of palace women and maids and nahil carriers. The silver carriage Fatma Sultan was riding was simply stunning, although they definitely were not as eye-catching as this one; the other carriages were also reflecting the wealth with their colors, horses and drivers. In front of the procession the tall shipyard workers were walking, carrying the silver nahil. The carriages had horses with heavy fabrics wrapped around their necks. The procession, led by the grand vizier, was wandering slowly around the streets of Istanbul.
“The threatening scenarios are a factor. They cannot be ignored.”
Tnvestors found themselves staring spellbound at the quotation boards A of financial markets in mid-March. The inferno in Japan had stoked uncertainty in particular, which was already high due to the uprisings in North Africa and the sharp rise in the oil price. Christian Ohswald, Manager of Private Banking at Raiffeisenlandesbank Niederdsteneich- Wien, puts it thus: “The threatening scenarios are a factor. You cannot simply ignore the levels of national debt now prevalent in European periphery countries, the problems in the Arab world, or the situation in Japan.”
The signs were positive when it came to saving the euro, at least, after heads of government in the Eurozone states reached an agreement to double the euro rescue package. On the other hand, the rise in inflation, which reached 2.4 percent in the Eurozone in February, continues to generate concern. Susanne Hollinger, Private Banking Manager ofErste Bank, commented: “The rate of inflation has risen in Europe. But I’m not expecting to see a further sharp increase in the near future, however, or even inflation spiralling out of control.” Jurgen Danzmayr, Head of Private Banking at Bank Austria, went on: “For inflation actually to experience a lasting rise, the wage-price-spiral needs to begin spiralling very quickly, and the preconditions for this don’t exist at present. Those still wishing to play it safe can invest part of their assets in inflation-linked bonds. According to Marcel Landesmann, Chair of the Board of Directors at Bank Vontobel 0sterreich, however, wise heads will not pursue such a strategy too brashly. Landesmann: “Inflation could rise to three percent in the medium term. Buying inflation-linked bonds only makes sense, however, if the increase actually turns out to be higher.” Raiffeisen expert Ohswald agrees: “inflation-proof bonds do not protect you against rising real rates of interest. In a scenario of that nature, they need to be handled as carefully as traditional government bonds.”
“Inflation could rise to three percent in the medium term.”
Where shares are concerned, the paper form continues to point to useful opportunities. However, investors should not flirt with the idea that the large profits that could be generated on many stock exchanges between March 2009 and the beginning of this year will continue unabated. In light of the precarious situation in the crisis spots of the world, moreover, investors will need to factor in often heavy price fluctuations on markets. From the point of view of share evaluation, at least, exchanges are well placed. The securities of the world share index, MSCI World, are still reasonably valued with a price-eamings ratio of 13 based on profit estimates for 2011 as a whole. While investment experts particularly liked stock exchanges in emerging markets last year, the pendulum has now swung back in the other direction. Private Banking Head Danzmayr: “The trend is positive in the USA and Europe, and particularly France and Germany in the latter. Measured by their price-earnings ratios, European shares are 30 percent cheaper than papers on Wall Street on average. On top of that, the average dividend yield in Europe is still 1.6 percentage points above US securities.”