Roman Medicine

It’s known that the Roman medicine is originated from the agriculture and the farmers were using the mixtures of plants and remedies. The two most important witnesses of this period are the Roman statesman, the orator and the first master of prose in Latin Marcus Porcius Cato (BC 234-149). The unique text remaining from Cato is the booklet about the agriculture.

Besides his experiences of agriculture in his work, Cato witnesses also the relationship between agriculture and medicine. While the Roman people attribute extraordinary forces to the wool, Cato advises to eat cabbage in abundance to be protected against illnesses and even he proposes to drink the urine of person who ate cabbage.

The chapter “De Medicina” (About Medicine) considered among the greatest medical classics of the most important medical author of the Roman period Aulos Cornelius Celsius, has been found by the Pope Nicolaus (1397 – 1455) in the Middle Age and has been one of th