Zonaro Istanbul

THE CONQUEST OF ISTANBUL THROUGH THE EYES OF ZONARO

IF SULTAN ABDULHAMID HADN’T GIVEN THE ORDER, OUR ONLY PICTURE OF MEHMET THE CONQUEROR WOULD BE GENTILE BELLINI’S PORTRAIT. Chief Palace Painter Fauso Zonaro worked for months at the behest of Abdulhamid to depict Mehmed IIs conquest of Istanbul from the lowering of the galleons into the Golden Horn to the commander’s victorious entry into the Byzantine capital.

The 34th of the Ottoman sultans and as a caliph of Islam, Abdulhamid succeeded in keeping the Ottoman Empire on its feet for 33 years from 1876 to 1908.

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Avram Kamondo Relations

RELATIONS WITH UPPER CLASS…

These bankers, especially Avram Kamondo, was finan¬cing the defense expenses of the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War between the years 1853 and 1856. Avram Kamondo had very close relations with all the grand vi¬ziers of the period, and even his intimate friendship with Mustafa Re§it Pasha was not a secret to anyone. He al¬so served as the financial consultant of Mustafa Re$it Pasha. He was awarded the title “Count” as to be assig¬ned to his son after his death in 1867 by the Kingdom of Italy as a result of his close relations with King Vitto¬rio Emmanuelle II of Italy and the contributions he had wade. “The first person with foreign-nationality who ac¬hieved the permission to buy real estate in the Ottoman Stat

Agehi (985/1577)

He was born in Vardar of Yenice. His real name is Mansur. Being from the cadi class he was a scholar, a historian and a poet. He died in Istanbul in 985/1577. According to Tahir Bey of Bursa Agehi left a complete divan. Agehi took part in Suleyman the Lawgiver’s last campaign Zigetvar in 974/1566 and wrote a historical record of this event as well. He wrote a commemarotive poem of more than fifteen couplets with conventional mariner’s language and offered it to the Sultan through Piyale Pasha. According to records he was given the Sheref Thelogical School in Istanbul. Since he was in Gelibolu as a teacher in close contact with Piyale Pasha who was a master seaman of those times, it is only natural that he wrote about the sea and knew the conventional terminology of the seaman pretty well.

In our literature we have had the tradition of writing with terminologies of various subjects and occupations. Some of these occ

Palace Weddings on the Ottoman Dynasty

In the Ottoman State, wedding ceremonies were held for the sultans and padishahs, and circumcision feasts were organized for the sons of the padishahs. Especially the circumcisions were given high importance. The celebrations lasted for at least three days and nights, or sometimes for a couple of weeks. For Instance In 1582, the circumcision of Shahzadah Mehmet (Mehmet III), son of Sultan Murat III, was celebrated for 50 days. During the nighttime, celebrations continued with candle light and torchlight illuminations and fireworks. In addition to the palace residents, ordinary people -without any discrimination whatsoever- would attend these festivities. Artists and entertainers throughout the Empire were performing in festivities and ceremonies. Many artists and craftsmen, from different branches of arts -like poetry, architecture, decoration and embroidery, three-dimensional portraying, illumination, music, dance, pantomime-, were brought together to s