Balkan Tours 2020 2021

Balkan Peninsula has always been one of the attractive and mysterious destinations around the world. With Balkan Tours 2020 – 2021 you have the chance to breathe in the specific,  mysterious air on the Balkans. In addition, you can discover, enjoy and feel the modern and elite today and at the same time feel the mystic scent of history in the Balkan countries. These countries have the body of an old person but a very young and mature soul. Shortly, Balkan tours that you will experience in these geographical regions you will remember as your unique moment.

Here, briefly, you can learn some general characteristics of the countries involved in this Balkan entity.

Balkan Tours 2020 – 2021 “Greece”

“You should see the landscape of Greece. It would break your heart.”

Balkan Tours

Balkan tours – adventurous and relaxing journey

Balkan tours – reading books and watching films about Balkan countries is a good start. Thus you get some knowledge and a desire to see. This can make you dream about visiting these places and experiencing the culture. Balkan tours can be the door for an exciting, relaxing and adventurous journey through some of the most interesting places on the Balkans.

We are a tour operator based in Bulgaria. And one of the people who live on the Balkans. Believe us, it’s worth travelling around and learning more about the Balkan Peninsula. Even if you have already been to that mystique part of the world, you still have many things to discover and understand.

At first sight, the Balkans look like any other place on the world. But getting to know it better, travelling around, will take you deeper and deeper in its breathing, full of life organism. An organism composed of many cells like culture, hist

Ottoman Travel Bulgaria

Travel Ottoman Bulgaria to see, taste and feel a past not forgotten. No doubt it’s not forgotten. How could it be?! It’s 500 years of ‘common coexistence’. Coexistence not very peaceful most of the time. However, by far these are the most controversial times of Bulgarian history. These were the times when Bulgaria had its indisputable heroes.

”We are within time and time is within us, it changes us and we change it”

travel ottoman bulgaria vasil levski

Vasil Levski together with Hristo Botev and a lot other Bulgarians are our heroes. Heroes who fought for a

Nestinarstvo Bulgaria Tours

Wonder or strong belief

Is it a wonder or a strong belief? Do the nestinari (fire dancers) have special skills or energy? Where does this ritual come from? Why is it on UNESCO’s World Heritage List? These and may be different questions tease people’s imagination. Not only that of tourists’ but of Bulgarians as well. Nestinarstvo Bulgaria tours might have some of the answers: Do you want to try?!

There are many stories for where nestinarstvo originates from. The biggest group of supporters, though, believe that the fire dancing on live coals ritual comes from the Thracians. Why Thracians? The Thracian tribes worshipped their God Sun. Which is, when scattered in a circle the live coals symbolise exactly the Sun.

Like other rituals in Bulgaria, nestinarstvo has both Ch

Stoletov Bulgaria Tours

Stoletov Bulgaria tours to remember

‘And today, every time there’s a storm in the mountain,
The summit recalls this grim day and, recounting
The story, its echoing glory relays
From valley to valley, from age unto age!’ (Ivan Vazov)

Stoletov Bulgaria tours introduces a monument that stays proudly on a peak and reminds the Bulgarians of their glorious past. This monument is Shipka Monument and it is a symbol of the Russo-Turkish War. It speaks of the Liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire. The war follows the April Uprising from April 1876. It broke out prematurely and was quickly put down. That didn’t the least discourage the Bulgarians who were, against their will, part of the Ottoman Empire for 500 years. On the contrary, that increased their desire for independence

Vitosha Bulgaria Private Tours

Vitosha Bulgaria private tours

Doesn’t Vitosha Bulgaria private tours sound like a flying carpet to you? One that likes to take you on an imaginary journey around the mountain Vitosha. This is the fourth highest mountain in Bulgaria after Rila, Pirin and Stara Planina (Old Mountain or the Balkan). The mountain is relatively young and it’s in close proximity to the capital of the country, Sofia. That makes the city unique because it is situated at the foot of the mountain. Not many places can be that lucky.

On the territory of Bulgaria there are 37 mountains. 36 of them are in the southern part of the country. There are biggest and highest, most beautiful and alpine mountains.

Vitosha mountain is one of these 37 mountains (Vitosha Bulgaria private tours), as well as the symbol of Sofia.

Borovets Bulgaria Tours

The comfort to be with family and friends

Borovets Bulgaria tours, Borovets – the closest to the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia and the biggest interntional mountain resort in the country. The resort is only 70 km away from Sofia which makes it a preferred place to relax and enjoy with friends and family.

What more can people who live in the capital ask for? On one hand, the big city with lots of opportunities and of course, lots of stress. On the other hand, the solution for a more relaxed life. After a busy day or week in the city a visit to the mountain, which is only 10 km away from Sofia, Vitosha can mean one thing only. A stress free escape f

Rila Lakes Bulgaria Tours

Seven Rila lakes Bulgaria tours

Magic and love are everywhere in Bulgaria. Everywhere you look around. Everywhere you go, you see and feel them. The seven Rila lakes Bulgaria tours are no exception. The Rila Mountain is not far from the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia. A personal Sofia tour can be a good start of a two day tour around Sofia and then The Seven Rila Lakes.

Firstly, the fact that the lakes are in the beautiful Rila Mountain. This is the highest mountain in Bulgaria and on the Balkan Peninsula. In Europe it takes the prestigious sixth place. The nature and beauty of Rila attract thousands of tourists every year.

Thracians, who lived on these lands, gave the mountain the name Dounkas. later, they changed it to Roula, which in its turn was altered to today’s Rila. Dounkas means a plac

Balkan tours 2018

Balkan Peninsula is among the most visited regions in the world. With Balkan Tours 2018 you will discover the modern and elite today and at the same time feel the mystic scent of history in the Balkan countries. These are countries that know a lot and lived a lot. Balkan tours that you will experience in these geographical regions you will remember as your unique moment.

In the Balkan tours 2018 you will be able to visit 16 cities including Kotor in a 14-day tour. 2018 Balkan tours include: Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Croatia, North Macedonia. Also, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and Montenegro. Istanbul and Edirne in Turkey. Athens and Thessaloniki in Greece. Then, Kazanlak, Melnik, Sofia and Haskovo in Bulgaria. Dubrovnik in Croatia. Skopje and Ohrid in North Macedonia. Certainly, Sarajevo and Mostar i

The Revolt of the Comneni part 27

Now when Borilus learnt of the entry of the Comneni and of the army’s dispersal throughout the city, occupied with plundering and wholly intent on collecting booty, he determined to attack them, thinking they could easily be defeated owing to their scattered state (for the chiefs had been left alone with their kinsmen by blood or marriage and a few foreign soldiers). So he collected all the men who brandished their axes on their shoulders and those who hailed from Coma, and marching from the Forum of Constantine to the so-called Milestone, he drew them up there in ranks with utmost precision; so there they stood, in close order, ready for battle and keeping quiet for the time being.

Divine gift of prophecy

The Patriarch at that time [# Cosmas] was a truly holy man and poor, and had practised every species of asceticism such as the fathers of old who lived in the deserts and on the mountains used; he was also endowed with the divine gift of prophecy and ha

The Revolt of the Comneni part 26

So they hastened to the house of Iberitzes where Nicephorus Palaeologus overtook them and said, ” The Emperor sends you this message: ‘ I am already an old man and a lonely one, and possess neither son nor brother nor any blood-relation, and if you are willing’ (here Nicephorus addressed his speech to the newly-made Emperor Alexius), ‘do you become my adopted son. And I will not prevent your giving whatsoever you have already promised to your fellow-soldiers, nor will I even share your royal power in any way; I merely ask to retain the name of Emperor, public acclamations and the red buskins, and further the permission to live quietly in the palace.

The administration of the affairs of the Empire shall be handed over entirely to you.`” I response the Comneni said a few words, suggestive of agreement, which were repeated to the Caesar who thereupon made haste to get to them to urge them with threats to hurry to the palace. The Comneni. who were

The Revolt of the Comneni part 25

Next he sailed away from there with the fleet and reached the Acropolis where he led fresh shouts of acclamation. There he commanded the rowers to cease rowing and to stand by quietly and thus prevent the landing of any who were trying to cross from the East. Within a short time he saw a vessel putting in to the palace, and by bidding the rowers of his own boat row their hardest, he outstripped it. And when he saw his own father in it, he stood up and at once gave him the salutation due to parents. But his father did not look at him pleasantly, nor did he call him the ” dear light of his eyes,” as Odysseus of Ithaca once did on beholding Telemachus.

Emperor will follow the advice

On that occasion there was a banquet, suitors, a contest of strength, bows and arrows and the prudent Penelope set as prize for the victor, and Telemachus was not an enemy, but a son assisting his father; but on this there was fighting and war and the father and son were op

The Revolt of the Comneni part 24

Recognizing the latter from afar as one of his former acquaintances, he sailed alongside the vessel, hailed him and asked the usual questions, “Whence he came and whither going” and then begged him to take him up into his ship. But the guardsman, seeing him with a shield and sword, was frightened and replied, “I would gladly have taken you, had I not noticed that you are fully armed.” Hereupon Palaeologus at once consented to lay aside his helmet, shield and short sword, provided only the other would pick him up. Directly the guardsman saw him taking off his weapons, he allowed him to board his own ship, and took him in his arms and embraced him effusively.

Great Domestic

But Palaeologus, a man of energy, did not delay even for a moment before embarking on his task. Running up to the prow he began asking the rowers, ” What are you doing? and where are you going, taking part in a business which will bring dire misfortune to yourselv

The Revolt of the Comneni part 23

During the rest of the night, however, after posting the light-armed, they pushed on at a marching pace – the Comneni held the centre of the line with picked cavalry and the flower of the troops – and just at daybreak they stood outside the walls with the whole of their army. All the soldiers were fully armed as if for battle so that they might strike terror into the hearts of the citizens. But when Palaeologus gave them the signal from above and opened the gates, they rushed in pell-mell, no longer with military discipline, but just as each could, carrying their shields, bows and spears.

Manners for the worse

Now the day was Good Friday (the day on which we offer and feed upon our Mystical Passover) of the fourth “Indiction” in the month of April in the year 6589. [*i.e., of the Byzantine era = April 1, 1081 AD] And as the whole army (which was composed of foreign and native troops and had come together from home and neighbouring countr

The Revolt of the Comneni part 22

Thus Manganes postponed the writing of the Golden Bull in order to keep Melissenus in suspense, for he feared that if the Bull, which bestowed upon him the rank of Caesar, were dispatched more hastily than was wise, Melissenus would scorn that honour and cling at all costs to gaining the empire, as he had informed the Comneni, and venture on a very bold stroke. Such then was the art and wiliness of Manganes in postponing the writing of the Golden Bull for the Caesar.

While these things were being arranged and time was pressing for entering into the city, the ambassadors became suspicious of some trick, and were still more insistent in their demands for the Golden Bull. But the Comneni said to them, “Since we practically have the city in our hands, we are going now to take possession of it with the help of God, so do you depart and take this news to your lord and master.”

George Palaeologus to Gilpractus

And they added further, “If ev

The Revolt of the Comneni part 21

He therefore found out which soldiers were on duty in the various towers. He learnt that in one place the “Immortals” were on guard (this is the most select regiment of the Roman army) and in another the Varangians from Thule [*By some interpreted as the British Isles, by others as part of Scandinavia, particularly Thyland in Jutland.] (by these I mean the axe-bearing barbarians) and in yet another the Nemitzi [*Germans] (these too are a barbaric tribe who have been subjects of the Roman Empire from of old); and he thereupon advised Alexius not to make an offer to the Varangians or the Immortals. For the latter, being indigenous, naturally cherished a great affection for the Emperor and would sooner lose their lives than be persuaded to adopt any treachery against him.

The Varangians, too, who carried their axes on their shoulders, regarded their loyalty to the Emperors and their protection of the imperial persons as a pledge and ancestral tradition, handed dow

The Revolt of the Comneni part 20

IX Now when Botaniates, saw the size of the army of the Comneni and its composition of men of all races, and that it was already approaching the gates of the city, and that Melissenus Nicephorus had reached Damalis with no less a force than theirs and was likewise a claimant for the throne, he knew not what to do, and was quite unfit to contend against two foes. For old age had chilled his spirit and made him over-fearful, though in youth he had been very brave, and now he only breathed freely as long as he was encircled by the walls, and he had already ideas of abdicating.

The city would be difficult

Hence the citizens were naturally seized with alarm and unrest and thought the whole place could easily be captured from any side. The Comneni on their side thought the taking of the city would be difficult (for their forces were composed of various nationalities besides natives, and wherever there is a mixed crowd, their temper also is wont to be mixed), so Alexi

The Revolt of the Comneni part 19

In spite of this business they did not by any means neglect the siege, but as often as possible made skirmishing attacks upon the walls. On the following day they called the ambassadors and announced their decision to them. This was that Melissenus should be elevated to the rank of ‘ Caesar,’ should he adjudged the fillet and salutes and all other privileges which belong to this rank, and also that the largest town in Thessaly should be given to him. (In this town there is the magnificent church named after the great martyr Demetrius, where the myrrh which ever trickles from his venerable coffin works marvellous cures for those who approach it in faith.)

This Alexius the new emperor

The ambassadors were displeased with the terms but, since those they proposed were not accepted, and they observed also the rebel’s great preparations against the city and the enormous army under him, and as they were pressed for time, they began to fear that if th

The Revolt of the Comneni part 18

After this act the Ducases led the acclamations for they favoured this man for many reasons and especially because their relation, Iresn, my mother had been legally married to my father, And simultaneously all those akin to them by blood did likewise with a will, and the rest of the army took up the shout and sent their voices almost to the heavens. And then was witnessed a curious phenomenon – for those who before had held opposite opinions and preferred death to failure in their desire, became in one moment of the same opinion, and that too, so decidedly, that nobody could have even suspected there had been a variance of opinion between them.

VIII While these events were taking place, a rumour spread that Melissenus had already reached the promontory of Damalis with a fair-sized army, had assumed the purple and was being acclaimed as emperor. For some time the Comneni would not believe this report, but Melissenus on learning of their doings, at once dispatched amba

The Revolt of the Comneni part 17

For, as the whole army was veering to his side and advocating his claims while it did not favour Isaac even in the slightest, Alexius saw that strength and power and the realization of his hopes would come from that quarter, and so he supported his brother in his intrigues for the throne, knowing that nothing untoward to himself would result from so doing, provided he for his part were raised up by force, as it were, by the whole army to the pinnacle of earthly honours and he flattered his brother in words only and made a pretence forsooth of yielding the power to him.

Reminded Alexius of the prophecy

After some time had been spent in this manner, the whole soldiery were assembled near the General’s tent in a great state of excitement and each anxious for the accomplishment of his wish. Then Isaac rose and taking the red buskin tried to put it on to his brother’s foot; but the latter refused several times until Isaac cried, “Let me do it, for

The Revolt of the Comneni part 16

VII The whole world, agog with excitement, was eagerly looking forward to what would happen and each longed to see the man who was expected to be proclaimed Emperor. The majority certainly wished Alexius to gain that honour, but neither were Isaac’s partisans idle, but as far as possible, they solicited everybody. And thus matters were apparently at a deadlock, for half the population desired to see the elder, and the other half desired to see the younger, brother raised to be pilot of the imperial dignity. Amongst the men present at that time were several of Alexius’ kinsmen, for instance, the above-mentioned Emowor-John Ducas, a man clever in council and swift in action (whom I also saw once for a short time) and Michael and John, his grandsons, as well as the husband of their sister, George Palaeologus.

Possible expedient for getting Alexius proclaimed

These helped each other and worked hard to convert all people’s opinions to their own, an

The Revolt of the Comneni part 15

The Emperor seeing this called: “Stop and travel with us,” but the other not knowing where he was going and being moreover quite in the dark about the reason which made him the object of so much solicitude, became vexed and suspicious again of the Emperor and his friendly ways. But the Emperor insisted and began pulling at him, and as the other still did not yield, he changed his manner and spoke more roughly and threatened him if he would not do as he was ordered. As the other still did not obey he ordered all the stranger’s possessions to be packed with his own on his beasts and started on his journey, giving the other permission to go where he liked.

Then the man abandoned his intention of going to the Palace from fear of being imprisoned if the Treasury-officials saw him come with empty hands; again he was not anxious to return home because of the unsettled and confused state of the country resultant upon the rebellion of the Comneni which had emerged

The Revolt of the Comneni part 14

Then thinking it right to send news of their doings to John Ducas, the ex-emperor, who was at that time living on his own property in the country of Morobundus, they dispatched a messenger to inform him of their rebellion. The man carrying the message happened to arrive at early dawn and was standing outside the gates of the farm asking for the Emperor. And his grandchild John, still quite a child, not even a boy yet, and consequently always with the Emperor, saw the man and at once ran in, woke up his grandfather who was still asleep, and told him of the rebellion. But the latter astounded by the words, gave the child a box on the ears, and advising him not to talk nonsense, sent him off.

In a little while, however, he came back again, bringing the same news, and in addition the message addressed to his grandfather by the Comneni. Now this message had an excellent touch of wit in it which hinted at Alexius’ doings for it said; “We on our side have prepared a r

The Revolt of the Comneni part 13

They took their leave of this woman when they were ready to ride away and they persuaded George Palaeologus to take sides with them and compelled him to depart with them. For before this they had not divulged their plans to him because of a natural suspicion; for the father of this George was extremely devoted to the Emperor, and therefore revealing their project of rebellion to him would have been rather dangerous. And at first indeed, Palaeologus did not show himself at all amenable, but opposed many objections and reproved them for their breach of faith to the emperor and for the fact that, as the proverb has it, they became turncoats.

Palaeologus suggested the sanctuary

But when the Mistress of the Wardrobe, Palaeologus mother-in-law, insisted firmly on his joining them under threat of dire punishment, he began to yield and his next concern was for the safety of the women, namely his wife Anna and his mother-in-law Maria, for the latter was descended from o